Principle 2:

Policies and processes

Where appropriate, we have clear policies on all types of KE that we undertake and work with staff, students, collaborators and beneficiaries so that the policies are understood and operationalised. A well-defined set of relevant policies ensures that all parties engaged in KE have a good mutual understanding of how the institution values KE activity.

Institutions could provide evidence of a clear set of policies covering those areas of KE central to the institution’s mission and values, and consistent with its charitable status and aims.


These might include formal mechanisms/policies covering:


Exploitation of intellectual property (IP), including licensing and spinouts, shareholdings, revenue-sharing, and support available.


Accessing specialist facilities, including costing and pricing, access and availability, and attendant support.


Employer engagement, including how student and graduate talent can be accessed and by which mechanisms.


Arrangements for collaborative and contracted research, covering cost and revenue sharing of IP exploitation, warranties and indemnities.


Engagement of, and with, the public on research and the broader activities of the university.


Consultancy and advice, including formal policies on the provision of advice by individual academic staff on a private or institutional basis.


Continuing professional development (CPD) and employer engagement in course development and delivery, including a clear approach to accreditation and quality assurance, and potential for customised provision.


Regeneration and local business support, including policies on preferential access to services and facilities, institutional collaboration locally, and partnership with local authorities and local and regional economic development structures and/or devolved administrations.


State aid, liability insurance, research and development tax credits and other technical and legal matters.


Mechanisms for ensuring awareness and compliance with these policies within the institution.

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