Framework for responsible research and innovation, EPSRC

Responsible research and innovation (RRI) is a process that seeks to promote creativity and opportunities for science and innovation that are socially desirable and undertaken in the public interest.

RRI acknowledges that innovation can raise questions and dilemmas, is often ambiguous in terms of purposes and motivations and unpredictable in terms of impacts, beneficial or otherwise. RRI creates spaces and processes to explore these aspects of innovation in an open, inclusive and timely way. The EPSRC Framework for RRI is a tool to help consider RRI and provides a flexible and proportionate framework for researchers to apply to their research.

The framework is a flexible approach to RRI which encourages researchers to continuously Anticipate, Reflect, Engage and Act when considering their activities.


  • Describe and analyse the impacts, intended or otherwise, that might arise.


  • Reflect on the purposes of, motivations for and potential implications of the research.


  • Open up such visions, impacts and questioning to broader deliberation, dialogue, engagement and debate in an inclusive way.


Responsible research and innovation is a process that takes the wider impacts of research and innovation into account. It aims to ensure that unintended negative impacts are avoided, that barriers to dissemination, adoption and diffusion of research and innovation are reduced, and that the positive societal and economic benefits of research and innovation are fully realised.

The AREA approach is primarily aimed at researchers, however RRI should be viewed as a collective responsibility, where funders, researchers, stakeholders and the public all have an important role to play.

Framework for responsible research and innovation – UKRI

EPSRC resp rsch

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